Thrombopoietin receptors

Thrombopoietin receptors (TPOR), also known as c-Mpl receptors, are key players in controlling the production and differentiation of platelets, the tiny disc-shaped cells that facilitate blood clotting. TPORs are found on the surface of stem cells in the bone marrow, where they exert their action by binding to a protein hormone called thrombopoietin (TPO). The TPO-TPOR axis is essential for maintaining proper platelet counts in the blood and for bone marrow function in general.

Drug Design for TPORs

Due to the central role of TPORs in platelet production and bone marrow function, they are a promising target for the treatment of blood disorders such as thrombocytopenia (low platelet count), aplastic anemia (lack of blood cell formation), and myelodysplastic syndrome (abnormal bone marrow function). Several drugs have been developed that target TPORs and increase platelet counts, either by mimicking the action of TPO or by enhancing the binding affinity of TPORs for TPO. The most notable drugs in this class are romiplostim and eltrombopag, which are used to treat immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), a disorder where the immune system destroys platelets.

Diverse Perspectives

The use of TPOR-targeting drugs in clinical practice has been subject to criticism and debate from various perspectives. Some experts argue that these drugs may lead to excessive platelet production, which can increase the risk of thrombosis (blood clot formation) and other complications, especially in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions. Others point out that TPOR-targeting drugs may have potential long-term effects on bone marrow function and platelet quality, as they promote the growth of immature platelets that may be less functional than mature ones. Additionally, there are concerns about the cost and accessibility of these drugs, as they can be expensive and may not be available in all regions.


Thrombopoietin receptors are key regulators of platelet production and bone marrow function, and they have emerged as a promising target for the treatment of blood disorders. While drugs that target TPORs have shown clinical benefits in increasing platelet counts, they also raise concerns about potential side effects and long-term consequences. Further research is needed to explore the safety and efficacy of TPOR-targeting drugs and to identify strategies to optimize their use in clinical practice.